Krasnodar Krai




Krasnodar Krai is the southernmost region of Russia . The Krasnodar Krai area is about 76 thousand square km. The region is situated on a Kuban-Azov lowland and partially in a western part of the Great Caucasus system. In the North and North-East the region borders Rostov Oblast, in the East Stavropol Krai, in the South Georgia and Karachi-Cherkess Republic . In the South and West the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea wash the region.



The climate varies from moderate-continental in most part of Krasnodar Krai to subtropical on the Black Sea coast. Average perennial air temperature in January is from 5 ° ? in the mountains to 0 ° ? in the plain; in July from +13 ° ? to +24 ° ? correspondingly. Average amount of precipitation is from 400 mm in the plain to 3200 mm and more in the mountains. Average vegetation period is about 260 days. Black soils prevail in the plains.



In the depths of Kuban there are more than 60 minerals. There are resources of oil, natural gas, marl, iodine and bromine waters, marble, limestone, sandstone, gravel, quartz sand, iron and apatite ores, rock salt. Kuban is the home country of domestic oil industry, oil extraction has started here since 1864. There are 68 oil-fields, main of them are located in the west and central part of the foothills (Abinsk, Seversky, Apsheronsk regions). Annually 1,7- 4,8 million tons of oil and more than 2 billion m 3 of natural gas are being extracted.


The largest in Europe basin of fresh water is located in Krasnodar Krai. The established reserves of mineral underground waters constitute about 30% of the total reserves of the Northern Caucasian Region. There are 42 reservoirs and only 17 are being exploited. Salubrious Mediterranean type climate, warm seas, unique natural mineral springs and curative mud brought a fame of the environmentally clean and popular tourist regions of Russia.


Woods is one of the most valuable resources of the region. The area under forests exceeds one and a half million hectares. Valuable beech and oak woods occupy correspondingly 44 and 28% of the total forest area.



According to population census of 2002 the total population of the region is 5118,7 thousand people. Average density of the population comes to 67,4 persons /km 2 . Share of capable population equals 45% or 2300,7 thousand people. In 2003 the level of registered unemployment made 0,7%. Age structure of the population: 59% refer to the able-bodied people, 18% are under that age, 23% are over the capable age. Population of the largest cities of the Krasnodar territory are as follows (data of 2002): the city of Krasnodar - 791,5 thousand people; city-resort Sochi 396,8 thousand people; Novorossiysk 281,1 thousand people; the city of Armavir 211,4 thousand people; the town of Yeysk 95,3 thousand people; and the town of Kropotkin 79,1 thousand people.



There are 48 administrative units in Krasnodar Krai, including 26 cities and towns, 21 urban and 1717 rural settlements. The administrative center of the region is the city of Krasnodar that had celebrated its two hundred and tenth anniversary in 2003. Today it is a large administrative, financial, industrial, scientific, educational and cultural center awarded by the national prize Russian National Olympus in the nomination Russian City-2002 and Order For Honor and Dignity, as the most dynamically developing city of Russia.



Krasnodar Krai is one of the equal right subjects of the Russian Federation , included in the South Federal Okrug (District).


The leader of executive body (within authorities given by the RF Constitution to the subject of the Russian Federation ) is Head of the Krasnodar Krai Administration (Governor), elected by universal voting for a 5-year term. On March 14, 2004 Alexander Tkachyov has been re-elected as Governor of Krasnodar Krai.


The representative body of the region is Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Krai, also elected for a 5-year term (within authorities given by the RF Constitution to the subject of the Russian Federation ). Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Krai passes laws of Krasnodar Krai obligatory for execution in the region.


In 48 administrative units of the region there are also Executive and Representation power structures.



Krasnodar Krai has 3 international airports in Krasnodar , Sochi and Anapa. During the last three years new passenger airlines have been introduced, including international flights to such countries as Austria , Germany , Greece , Italy , UAE and Turkey .



Eight seaports are operating in the region: Novorossiisk, Tuapse, Sochi , Anapa, Gelendjik, Yeysk, Port-Kavkaz and the river port of Krasnodar . They handle up to 40% of the cargo turnover of all ports of the Russian Federation . The most important shipping companies are JSC "Novorossiisk Shipping Company " and JSC "Novoship".


Oil and gas pipelines

The largest oil pipelines passing over the territory of the region are JSC "Black Sea Main Oil pipelines " and JSC "Caspian Pipeline Consortium -?". Putting into operation of the CPC has become an important event not only for the region but also for the whole of Russia . 28 mln t of oil is planned for annual pumping through the system with a further increase up to 67 mln t.


The routes of the main pipelines of JSC "Kubangazprom" also pass through the territory of the region. In December 2003 the second stage of the gas pipeline Russia-Turkey Blue Stream was put into operation. The total length of the pipeline is 1213 km , including 317 km passing through the territory of Krasnodar Krai . By 2008 the gas pipeline will operate at a full design capacity. The annual scope of supply will reach 16 billion cubic m of gas. The development of new projects is underway.



Communication is the most prospective and dynamically developing infrastructure branch of the region possessing the potential of the long-term economic growth. All kinds of communication are actively being developed in the region. The scope of services in 2003 exceeded 12.4 billion rubles thus exceeding 1.4 times the level of 2002. In 2000-2003 the scope of services grew twofold. The number of subscribers of fixed telephone communication exceeded 1 million. The sector of mobile communication saw even higher growth rates and ranks third among the regions of Russia . The regional and a number of municipal communication programs are being implemented in rural areas. During the last three years telephone communication has been provided to 93 settlements. The largest operator in the region and in the Northern Caucasus is JSC "Southern Telecommunication Company".